If an asset is taken over by partner from firm his capital account will be ___________. - Book Keeping and Accountancy

Advertisements
Advertisements
MCQ
Fill in the Blanks

If an asset is taken over by partner from firm his capital account will be ___________.

Options

  • credited

  • debited

  • added

  • none of these

Advertisements

Solution

If an asset is taken over by partner from firm his capital account will be debited.

Explanation: 

When an asset is taken over by a partner, then the Realisation A/c is credited and the Concerned Partner’s Capital A/c is debited with the agreed price at which the asset is taken over by him.

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
Chapter 6: Dissolution of Partnership Firm - Exercise 6.1 (Objective Questions) [Page 241]

APPEARS IN

Balbharati Book-keeping and Accountancy 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 6 Dissolution of Partnership Firm
Exercise 6.1 (Objective Questions) | Q 1. A) 4) | Page 241
Micheal Vaz Accounts - Book Keeping and Accountancy HSC 12th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 6 Dissolution of Partnership Firm
Exercise 4 | Q 4 | Page 182

RELATED QUESTIONS

Distinguish between 'Dissolution of partnership' and 'Dissolution of partnership firm' on the basis of court's intervention.


K and P were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:5. On 31-1-2016 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders liabilities to the realization account, you are given the following information:

(a) Raman, a creditor for Rs.4, 20,000 accepted building valued at Rs.8, 00,000 and paid the balance to the firm by a cheque.

(b) Rajeev, a second creditor for Rs.1, 70,000 accepted machinery valued at Rs.1, 65,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) Ranjan, a third creditor for Rs.90,000 accepted investments of Rs.45,000 and a bank draft of Rs.43,000 in his favour in full settlement of his claim.

(d) P we appointed to do the work of dissolution for which he was allowed Rs.2,000. Actual expenses of dissolution Rs.2,400 were paid by P.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of K and P.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of Partnership' and 'Dissolution of Partnership Firm on the basis of 'Economic Relationship'.


L and M were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 2:3. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders' liabilities to realization account you are given the following information :

(a) A creditor for Rs.1,40,000 accepted building valued at Rs.1, 80,000 and paid to the firm Rs.40,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs.30,000 accepted machinery valued at Rs.28,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs.70,000 accepted Rs.30,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs.45,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs.4,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


Lal and Pal were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3: 7. On 1.4.2015 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realisation account, you are given the following information:

(a) A creditor of Rs.3,60,000 accepted machinery valued at Rs.5,00,000 and paid to the firm Rs.1,40,000.

(b) A Second creditor for Rs.50,000 accepted stock at Rs.45,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs.90,000 accepted Rs.45,000 in cash and investments worth Rs.43,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs.15,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


Distinguish between ‘Dissolution of partnership’ and Dissolution of partnership firm ‘on the basis of closure of Books.


Prem and Suresh were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7: 8. On 1.4.2015 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realisation account, you given the following information :

(a) Raman, a creditor of  Rs 4, 00,000 accepted land valued at Rs 7,00,000 and paid Rs 3,00,000 to the firm.

(b) Gopal, a second creditor for Rs 1,05,000 accepted  Rs 90,000 in cash and investments of  Rs 14,000 in full settlement of his account.

(c) Hari, a third creditor amounting to Rs 75,000 accepted stock of the book value of Rs 60,000 for Rs 45,000 and the balance was paid to him by cheque.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 45,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm.

 

 


G and H were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 9: 7. On 1.4.2015 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realisation account you are given the following information :

(a) Mohan, a creditor of Rs 2,30,000 accepted debtors of Rs  2,00,000 at a discount of 10% and the balance was paid to him by cheque.

(b) Sohan, a second creditor for Rs 7,00,000 accepted land of the book value of Rs 10,00,000 at Rs 15,00,000 and paid the balance to the firm by cheque.

(c) Ram, a third creditor for Rs 80,000 took over stock of book value of Rs 40,000 at Rs 30,000 and investments of Rs 48,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 48,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of G and H.


C and D were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders' liabilities to realization account you are given the following information :

(a) A creditor for Rs 2 00,000 accepted building of Rs 2,80,000 at Rs 2,20,000 and paid the firm Rs 20,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs 75,000 accepted furniture at Rs 60,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs 80,000 accepted Rs 20,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs 65,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 7,500. Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


E and F were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:3. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realization account you are given the following information:

(a) A creditor for Rs 3, 00,000 accepted building valued Rs 3, 75,000 and paid the firm Rs 75,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs 93,000 accepted stock valued at Rs 90,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs 60,000 accepted Rs 37,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs 40,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 7,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


R and L were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 13:7. On 4-3-2016 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders liabilities to the realization account, you are given the following information :

(a) Subh, a creditor for Rs 4,90,000 accepted building at Rs 6,50,000 and paid the balance to the firm by a cheque.

(b) Sudha, a second creditor for Rs 1, 80,000 accepted machinery of the book value of Rs 1,80,000 at Rs 1,76,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) Sudhir, a third creditor for Rs 2,00,000 accepted investments of Rs 1,20,000 and a bank draft of Rs 79,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 30,000. Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm


Pass necessary journal entries on the dissolution of a partnership firm in the following cases :

1) Expenses of dissolution were Rs 9,000.

2) Expenses of dissolution Rs 3,400 were paid by a partner, Vishal

3) Shiv, a partner, agreed to do the work for dissolution for a commission of Rs 4,500. He also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 3,900 were paid from the firm's bank account.

4) Naveen, a partner, agreed to look after the dissolution work for which he was allowed a remuneration of Rs 3,000. Naveen also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual expenses on dissolution Rs 2,700 were paid by Naveen.

5) Vivek, a partner, was appointed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 7,000. He agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 6,500 were paid by Rishi, another partner, on behalf of Vivek.

6) Gaurav, a partner, was appointed to look after the work of dissolution for a commission of Rs 12,500. He agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Gaurav took over furniture of Rs 12,500 as his commission. The furniture had already been transferred to realisation account.


Pass necessary journal entries on the dissolution of a partnership firm in the following cases :

1) Expenses of dissolution Rs 500 were paid by John, a partner.

2) Joney, a partner, agreed to bear the dissolution expenses for a commission of 750. Actual dissolution expenses 650 were paid by Joney

3) Bony, partner agreed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 3,700. He also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 4,200 were paid by Bony from the firm’s cash.

4) Sony, a partner, was appointed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 10,000. Sony agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Sony took away stock worth Rs 10,000 as his remuneration. The stock had already been transferred to realisation account.

5) Vikky, a partner, agreed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 12,000. Vikky also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 12,500 were paid by another partner, Clive, on behalf of Vikky.

6) Dissolution expenses were Rs 5,000


Prachi, Ritika and Ishita were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5 : 3: 2. In spite of repeated reminders by the authorities, they kept dumping hazardous material into a nearby river. The court ordered for the dissolution of their partnership firm on 31st March 2012. Prachi was deputed to realise the assets and pay the liabilities. She was aid Rs 1,000 as the commission for her services. The financial position of the firm was as follows:

Liabilities Rs Assets Rs

Creditors

Investment Fluctuation

Fund

Capitals

Prachi

Ritika

 

 

2,00,000

30,000

30,000

40,000

Furniture

Stock

Investments

Cash

Ishita's Capital

 

37,000

5,500

15,000

9,000

18,000

 

  84,500   84,500

Expenses incurred on a dissolution of a partnership firm.

Assets and liabilities are transferred to Realisation Account at their ______ value.



Moli, Bhola and Raj were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 3 : 4. Their partnership deed provided for the following :
(i) Interest on capital @ 5% p.a.
(ii) Interest on drawing @ 12% p.a.
(iii) Interest on partners' loan @ 6% p.a.
(iv) Moli was allowed an annual salary of Rs 4,000; Bhola was allowed a commission of 10% of net profit as shown by Profit and Loss Account and Raj was guaranteed a profit of Rs 1,50,000 after making all the adjustments as provided in the partnership agreement.
Their fixed capitals were Moli : Rs 5,00,000; Bhola : Rs 8,00,000 and Raj : Rs 4,00,000. On 1st April, 2016 Bhola extended a loan of Rs 1,00,000 to the firm. The net profit of the firm for the year ended 31st March, 2017 before interest on Bhola's loan was Rs 3,06,000.
Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account of Moli, Bhola and Raj for the year ended 31st March, 2017 and their Current Accounts assuming that Bhola withdrew Rs 5,000 at the end of each month, Moli withdrew Rs 10,000 at the end of each quarter and Raj withdrew Rs 40,000 at the end of each half year.


Aniket Ltd issued 40,000 equity shares of ` 100 each payable as follows :

On application Rs  20
On allotment Rs 30
On first call Rs 30
On second call Rs 20

The company received applications for 50,000 equity shares. Allotment of shares was made on pro-rata basis. Excess application money were adjusted to allotment. Share allotment and calls were made and also received, except Mr. Sanish who was holding 1,000 shares failed to pay both the calls. His shares were forfeited after the second call.
Record the above transactions in the books of Aniket Ltd


Answer in one sentence only.

When is Realisation Account opened?


Answer in one sentence only.

Which accounts are not transferred to Realisation account?


Answer in one sentence only.

Who is called Insolvent person?


Answer in one sentence only.

In what proportion is the balance on Realisation Account transferred to Partners’ Capital / Current Accounts?


Answer in one sentence only.

Which account is debited on repayment of Partner’s Loan?


Answer in one sentence only.

Which account is debited on payment of dissolution expenses?


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statements.
An account opened to find out the Profit or Loss on Sale of Assets and Settlement of Liabilities.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statement.
Debit balance of an insolvent Partner’s Capital Account.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statements.
Credit balance in Realisation Account.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statement.
Conversion of assets into cash on dissolution of firm.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statement.
Expenses incurred on dissolution of a partnership firm.


State whether the following statements is True or False.

The firm is dissolved automatically on the retirement of a partner.


State whether the following statement is True or False.

On dissolution Cash or Bank Account is closed automatically.


State whether the following statement is True or False.

On dissolution Bank Overdraft is transferred to Realisation Account.


State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

The insolvency loss at the time of dissolution of the firm is shared by the solvent partners in their profit sharing ratio.


State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

Realisation Loss is not transferred to the insolvent partner’s capital account.


Deficiency of Insolvent partner will be suffered by solvent partners in their ___________ ratio.


If the number of partners in a firm falls below two, the firm stands_________.


Select the most appropriate alternative from those given below :

All activities of the partnership firm cease (stop) on ____________ of firm.


Sushil and Sumit were in partnership sharing profits and losses in the proportion of 3/5 and 2/5 respectively. On 31st March, 2005 they decide to dissolve the firm when their Balance Sheet was as under:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2005

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)

Sushil’s Capital

20,000 Plant and Machinery 15,000
Sumit's Capital 18,000 Stock 15,000
General Reserve 5,000

Sundry Debtors

22,000
Sumit’s Loan A/c 2,000 Bank

3,000

Sundry Creditors 10,000    
  55,000   55,000

The Assets realised as follows: Stock Rs 14,000, Plant and Machinery Rs 12,000 and Debtors Rs 20,000. The Sundry Creditors were paid Rs 9,000 in full settlement.

Prepare: Realisation Account, Partners Capital Accounts and Bank Account.


A, B and C were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. On 31st March, 2010. Their Balance Sheet was as follows:

              Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2010

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Sundry Creditors 15400 Cash at Bank 3500
Bills payable 3600 Stock 19800
A’s loan A/c 10000 Debtors 15000 14000
Capital Account:   Less : Provision 1000
A 20000 Join Life Policy 4000
B 16000 Plant and Machinery 43700
C 8000    
Reserve Fund 12000  
  85000   85000

The firm was dissolved on 31st March, 2010 and the assets realised as follows:

1) Join Life Policy was taken over by Mr. A at Rs 5,000.

2) Stock realised Rs 18,000, Debtors realised Rs 14,500, Plant and Machinery was sold for Rs 36,000.

3) Liabilities were paid in full. In addition one bill for Rs 700 under discount was dishonoured and had to be taken up by the firm.

4) There were no realisation expenses.

Give the Journal entries and necessary Ledger Accounts to close the books of the firm.


Gautam, Viral and Ashwin were Partners sharing profits and losses equally. Their Balance sheet as on 31st December, 2011 was as follows:

          Balance Sheet as on 31st December, 2011

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Capital Accounts:   Building 73,900
Gautam 75000 Furniture 44,100
Virat 45000 Stock 25,400
Reserve Fund 27,000

Debtors

33,600
Creditors 48,500 Cash 15,000
Bank Loan 11,500 Ashwin’s Capital 15,000
  207000   207000

The firm was dissolved due to insolvency of Ashwin and the following was the result.

(i) The realisation of Assets were as follows:

a) The stock was completely damaged and could realise worth Rs 16,500 only.

b) Building was sold for Rs 49,800.

c) Furniture was realised by the firm at Rs 23,100 less than the book value.

d) A Customer who owes Rs 14,400 became insolvent and nothing could be recovered from his private estate.

(ii) Creditors were paid for Rs 36,900 in full settlement and Bank Loan was discharged fully.

(iii) The expenses of realisation Rs 4,100

(iv) Ashwin became insolvent and the firm could recover only Rs 4,000 from his private estate.

Prepare Realisation A/c, Partner’s Capital A/c and cash A/c to close the books of the firm.


Distinguish between firm’s debts and partner’s private debts.


Explain the process of dissolution of a partnership firm?


What is a Realisation Account?


Land and Building (book value) ₹ 1,60,000 sold for ₹ 3,00,000 through a broker who charged 2% commission on the deal. Journalise the transaction, at the time of dissolution of the firm.


State whether the following statement is True or False.

At the time of disolution of a partnership firm all assets should be transfered to realiasation account.


Manish and Co. Ltd. made an issue of 40000 equity shares of 20 each payable as follows :

Application                      ₹ 5 per share

Allotment                         ₹ 10 per share

First call                           ₹  3 per share

Second call and
final call                           ₹ 2 per share

The company received applications for 50000 share of which applications for 10000 shares were rejected and money refunded . All the shareholders paid upto second call except Sunita , the allotee of 400 shares , failed to pay the final call. the expenses of issuing amounted to ₹ 6000 .

Pass Journal entries in the books of Manish and Co . Ltd.


Jay , Ajay and Vijay were partners sharing profits and losses in the proportion of 2 : 2 : 1 . Following is their balance sheet as on 31.03.2013.

Balance sheet as on 31st March 2013

Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Capital A/c   Machinery 50000
Jay 60000 Stock 20000
Ajay 20000 Debtors 55000 52000
Vijay 20000 Less : R.D.D. (3000)
General Reserve 6000 Investments 24000
Creditors 40000 Profit and loss A/c 18000
Jay's Loan A/c 8000 Bank 4000
Bills Payable 14000    
  168000   168000

On the above date the partners decided to dissolve the firm.

(1) Assets were realised as :

Machinery ₹45000 ; Stock ₹ 18000;

Investment ₹ 21000 ; Debtors ₹ 45000

(2) Dissolution expenses were ₹ 3000.

(3) Goodwill of the firm realised ₹ 24000.

Prepare : (1) Realisation Account (2) Partner's Capital Account (3) Bank Account.


Answer the following question:
State any two situations when a partnership firm can be compulsorily dissolved.


Gaurav, Saurabh, and Vaibhav were partners in firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2: 2: 1. They decided to dissolve the firm on 31st March 2018. After transferring Sundry assets (other than cash in hand and cash at Bank) and third-party liabilities to realisation account, the assets were realized and liabilities were paid off as follows:

(i) A machinery with a book value of ₹ 6,00,000 was taken over by Gaurav at 50% and stock worth ₹ 5,000 was taken over by a creditor of ₹ 9,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(ii) Land and building (book value ₹ 3,00,000) were sold for ₹ 4,00,000 through a broker who charged 2% commission.

(iii) The remaining creditors were paid ₹ 76,000 in full settlement of their claim and the remaining assets were taken over by Vaibhav for ₹ 17,000.

(iv) Bank loan of ₹ 3,00,000 was paid along with interest of ₹ 21,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm.


Partnership is completely dissolved when the partners of the firm become _________.


All activities of partnership firm cease on _________ of firm.


Give the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement.

An account opened to find out the Profit or Loss on realisation of Assets and settlement of Liabilities.


State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

At the time of dissolution, a loan from the partner will be transferred to Realisation Account.


Vinod, Vijay, and Vishal are partners in a firm, sharing profit & Losses in the ratio 3:2:1. Vishal becomes insolvent and his capital deficiency is ₹ 6,000. Distribute the capital deficiency among the solvent partners.


Insolvent Partner Capital A/c debit side total is ₹ 10,000 and the credit side total is  ₹ 6,000. Calculate deficiency.


Insolvent partners capital A/c Debit side is ₹ 15,000 & insolvent partner brought cash ₹ 6,000. Calculate the amount of Insolvency Loss to be distributed among the solvent partners.


Realisation profit of a firm is ₹ 6,000, partners share Profit & Loss in the ratio of 3: 2: 1. Calculate the amount of Realisation Profit to be credited to Partners Capital A/c.


Complete the table.

1) Debit side total of Realisaton A/c Credit side total of Realisation A/c Loss on Realisations
₹ 20,000 ? ₹ 4,000
2) Creditors Bills Payable Third-Party Liabilities
₹16,000 ₹12,000 ?
3) Credit side total Profit ion of Realisaton A/c Debit side total of Realisation A/c Profit of realisation
₹ 21,000 ₹16,000 ?
4) Debit side total of Capital A/c Credit side total of Capital A/c Cash brought by partner
₹ 51,000 ? ₹ 17,000
5) capital deficiency Cash brought by Insolvent Partner Insolvent loss
? ₹ 7,000 ₹ 21,000

Ganesh and Kartik are partners sharing Profits and Losses equally. They decided to dissolve the firm on 31st March 2018. Their Balance Sheets was as under :

Balance Sheets as on 31st March 2018.
Liabilities Amount ₹ Assets Amount ₹
Creditors 18,400 Building 88,000
Bills Payable 5,600 Furniture 12,000
Reserve Fund 20,000 Debtors 32,000
Capital A/c :   Stock 24,000
Ganesh 40,000 Bills Receivable 4,000
Kartik 80,000 Cash 4,000
  1,64,000   1,64,000

Assets were realised as under :

Building ₹82,000, Debtors ₹ 22,000, Stock ₹ 20,000. Bills Receivable ₹ 3,200 and Ganesh agreed to take over Furniture for ₹10,000. Realisation Expenses amounted to ₹ 2,000.

Show Realisation A/c, Partners’ Capital A/c and Cash A/c.


Shailesh and Shashank were partners sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio of 3:2. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2019 was as follows.

Balance Sheets as on 31st December 2019.
Liabilities Amount ₹ Assets Amount ₹
Capital Account :   Building 7000
Shailesh 10,000 Plant 9,000
Shashank 6,000 Debtors 14,000
Current Account :   Stock 5,000
Shailesh 3,000 Bank 6,000
Shashank 2,000    
Creditors 17,400    
Bills payable 2,600    
  41,000   41,000

The firm was dissolved on the above date and the assets realised as under.

1. Plant ₹ 8,000, Building ₹ 6,000, Stock ₹ 4,000 and Debtors ₹ 12,000.

2. Shailesh agreed to pay of the Bills Payable.

3. Creditors were paid in full.

4. Dissolution expenses were ₹ 1,400

Prepare Realisation A/c, Partners Current A/c, Partners Capital A/c, and Bank A/c


Sangeeta, Anita, and Smita were in partnership sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio 2: 2: 1. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2019 was as under:

Balance Sheets as on 31st March, 2019
Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Capital:   Land 2,10,000
Sangeeta 60,000 Plant 20,000
Anita 40,000 Goodwill 15,000
Smita 30,000 Debtors 1,25,000
Sangeeta’s Loan A/c 1,20,000 Loans and Advances 15,000
Sundry Creditors 1,20,000 Bank 5,000
Bills Payable 20,000    
  3,90,000   3,90,000

They decided to dissolve the firm as follows:

1. Assets realised as; Land recovered ₹ 1,80,000; Goodwill for ₹ 75,000; Loans and Advances realised ₹ 12,000; 10% of the Debts proved bad;

2. Sangeeta took Plant at book value.

3. Creditors and Bills payable paid at 5% discount.

4. Sangeeta’s Loan was discharged along with ₹ 6,000 as Interest.

5. There was a contingent liability in respect of bills of ₹ 1,00,000 which was under discount. Out of them, a holder of one bill of ₹ 20,000 became insolvent

Show Realisation Account, Partners Capital Account, and Bank Account.


Kalpana and Bela were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3: 2. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2019 was as follows:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2019
Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Capital Accounts:    Building 14,000
Kalpana 20,000 Plant 18,000
Bela 12,000 Debtors 28,000
Current Accounts:   Stock 10,000
Kalpana 6,000 Bank 12,000
Bela 4,000    
Creditors 34,800    
Bills Payable 5,200    
  82,000   82,000

The firm was dissolved on the above date and the assets realised as under:

(1) Plant ₹ 16,000, Building ₹ 12,000, Stock ₹ 8,000 and Debtors ₹ 24,000.

(2) Kalpana agreed to pay off the Bill Payable.

(3) Creditors were paid in full.

(4) Dissolution expenses were ₹ 2,800.

Prepare: Realisation A/c, Partner's current A/c, Partner's Capital A/c and Bank A/c.


Anita and Binita are partners in a firm. Anita had taken a loan of ₹ 15,000 from the firm. How will Anita’s loan be closed in the event of dissolution of the firm?


A firm is dissolved with the consent of all the partners or in accordance with a contract between the partners is known as ______


Name the account opened to find out the Profit or Loss on Sale of Assets and Settlement of Liabilities?


Write the word/term/phrase, which can substitute each of the following statements.

"Liability likely to arise in future on happening of certain events".


Consider the following statements

Statement 1: "The firm is dissolved automatically, on the retirement all partners." 

Statement 2: A firm dissolves on the retirement of a partner.


Consider the following statements

Statement 1: "On dissolution Cash or Bank Account is closed automatically".

Statement 2: This is done because of the double- entry system of book-keeping. 


A partnership firm is compulsorily dissolved:


On the basis of the following data, how much final payment will be made to a partner on firm's dissolution?

Credit balance of capital account of the partner was ₹ 50,000. Share of loss on realisation amounted to ₹ 10,000. Firm's liability taken over by him was for ₹ 8,000.


On dissolution of a firm, a liability taken over by a partner is credited to ______.


Which of the following does not result into reconstitution of a partnership firm?


Pick the odd one out.


Asha, Usha and Nisha are partners in the firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 2 : 1 respectively. On 31st March, 2019 they decided to dissolve the firm when their Balance Sheet was as under:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2019
Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Creditors 28,800 Building 1,02,000
Bills Payable 21,600 Machinery 73,000
Capitol Accounts:   Motor Car 1,67,600
Asha 2,27,160 Goodwill 45,600
Usha 1,44,000 Investment 62,400
Nisha 1,08,000 Debtors 30,600
    Stock 45,000
    Bank 3,360
  5,29,560   5,29,560

The firm was dissolved on the above date and the assets realised as under:

  1. Asha agreed to take over the Building at ₹ 1,23,600
  2. Usha took over Goodwill Stock and Debtors at book value and agreed to pay Creditors and Bills payable.
  3. Motor car and Machinery realised at ₹ 1,51,080 and ₹ 31,680 respectively.
  4. Investment were taken by Nisha at an agreed value of ₹ 55,440.
  5. Realisation Expenses amounted to ₹ 6,800.

Prepare:

  1. Realisation Account
  2. Partners' Capital Account
  3. Bank Account

At the time of dissolution of a firm, Creditors are ₹ 70,000; Firm’s Capital is ₹ 1,20,000; Cash Balance is ₹ 10,000. Other assets realised ₹ 1,50,000. Gain/Loss in the realisation account will be ______.


Charu, Dhwani, Iknoor and Paavni were partners in a firm. They had entered into partnership firm last year only, through a verbal agreement. They contributed Capitals in the firm and to meet other financial requirements, few partners also provided loan to the firm. Within a year, their conflicts arisen due to certain disagreements and they decided to dissolve the firm. The firm had appointed Ms. Kavya, who is a financial advisor and legal consultant, to carry on the dissolution process. In the first instance, Ms. Kavya had transferred various assets and external liabilities to Realisation A/c. Due to her busy schedule; Ms. Kavya has delegated this assignment to you, being an intern in her firm. On the date of dissolution, you have observed the following transactions:

  1. Dhwani’s Loan of ₹ 50,000 to the firm was settled by paying ₹ 42,000.
  2. Paavni’s Loan of ₹ 40,000 was settled by giving an unrecorded asset of ₹ 45,000.
  3. Loan to Charu of ₹ 60,000 was settled by payment to Charu’s brother loan of the same amount.
  4. Iknoor’s Loan of ₹ 80,000 to the firm and she took over Machinery of ₹ 60,000 as part payment.

You are required to pass necessary entries for all the above-mentioned transactions.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of Partnership' and 'Dissolution of Partnership Firm' on the basis of Termination of business.


Mandar and Prasad are partners in a firm sharing profit & losses in the ratio of 3 : 2. The following is their balance sheet as on 31st March, 2019.

Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets   Amount (₹)
Capital A/c:   Building   72,000
Mandar 95,000 Plant & Machinery   60,000
Prasad 1,00,000 Furniture   10,000
Creditors 4,000 Debtors 42,000 40,000
Bills Payable 3,000 Less: RDD  2,000
    Bank   20000
  2,02,000     2,02,000

On 1st April, 2019 Shubham is admitted for 1/2 share on the following terms:

  1. He paid ₹ 1,00,000 as Capital ₹ 40,000 as his shares of goodwill by RTGS.
  2. Plant & Machinery revalued at ₹ 48,000.
  3. Building is taken over by Mandar at ₹ 100,000.
  4. Reserve for Doubtful Debts (RDD) to be increased upto ₹ 4,000.
  5. The old partners decided to retain half of the amount of goodwill in the business.
  6. The old partners decided to sacrifice equally.

Prepare Partners' Capital Account Only and show your working clearly.


Riddhi and Siddhi are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:1. The following is their balance sheet as on 31st March, 2019.

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2019
Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets   Amount (₹)
Capital A/c:   Building   60,000
Riddhi 80,000 Furniture   24,000
Siddhi 60,000 Machinery   20,000
Reserve Fund 16,000 Debtors 17,600 16,000
Siddhi's Loan A/c 4,000 Less: RDD 1,600
Creditors 30,000 Stock   40,000
    Investment   8,000
    Interest Receivable   2,000
    Bank   20,000
  1,90,000     1,90,000

The firm was dissolved on 31st March 2019.

  1. The assets realised were: Machinery ₹ 22,000, Building ₹ 28,000, Stock ₹ 38,000 and Debtors ₹ 15,000.
  2. Riddhi took over the Investment at ₹ 10,000 and Furniture at book value.
  3. Siddhi agreed to accept ₹ 3,000 in full settlement of her Loan Account.
  4. Dissolution expenses amounted to ₹ 4,000.
  5. Interest receivable could not be recovered.

Prepare Realisation Account, Partners' Capital Account, Siddhi's Loan Account and Bank Account.


Complete the table.

Creditors Bills Payable Third-Party
Liabilities
₹ 16,000 ₹ 12,000 ?

Complete the table.

Debit side total of
Realisation A/c
Credit side total of
Realisation A/c
Loss on
Realisation
 ₹ 20,000 ₹ 4,000

Total assets of a partnership firm, which was dissolved were ₹ 30,00,000 and its total liabilities were ₹ 6,00,000. Assets were realised at 80% and liabilities were settled at 5% less. If dissolution expenses were ₹ 30,000 the profit or loss on dissolution was ______.


Pass necessary Journal Entries for the following transactions on the dissolution of a partnership firm of Mita and Sonu on 31st March, 2022 after the various assets other than cash and third party liabilities have been transferred to the Realisation Account.

  1. Creditors of ₹ 90,000 took over Land and Building of ₹ 2,00,000 in full settlement of their claim.
  2. Sonu took over debtors amounting to ₹ 50,000 at ₹ 40,000.
  3. Realisation expenses ₹ 1,800 were paid by Sonu.
  4. A machine which was not recorded in the books was taken over by Mita at ₹ 11,000 while its expected market value was ₹ 15,000.
  5.  Sortu agreed to pay off his wife's loan of ₹ 20,000.
  6. Profit on dissolution amounted at ₹ 50,000.

On the day of dissolution of the firm ‘Roop Brothers’ had partner’s capital amounting to ₹ 1,50,000 external liabilities ₹ 35,000, Cash balance ₹ 8,000 and P & L A/c (Dr.) ₹ 7,000. If Realisation expense and loss on Realisation amounted to ₹ 5,000 and ₹ 25,000 respectively, the amount realised by sale of assets is ______.


Sun and Kiran are partners sharing profits and losses equally. They decided to dissolve their firm. Assets and Liabilities have been transferred to Realisation Account. Pass necessary Journal entries for the following:

  1. All partners are agreed that the process of realisation at the time dissolution will be accomplished by Sun for which he will be paid ₹ 10,000 along with the amount of expense which amounted to 2% of total value realised from the Assets on dissolution. Some assets were sold for Cash at a cumulative Value of ₹ 12,00,000 and the remaining were taken over by creditors at a valuation of ₹ 3,00,000.
  2. Deferred Advertisement Expenditure A/c appeared in the books at ₹ 28,000.
  3. Out of the Stock of ₹ 1,20,000; Kiran (a partner) took over 1/3 of the stock at a discount of 25% and 50% of remaining stock was took over by a Creditor of ₹ 30,000 in full settlement of his claim. Balance amount of stock realized at ₹ 25,000.
  4. An outstanding bill for repairs and renewal of ₹ 3,000 was settled through an unrecorded asset which was valued at ₹ 10,000. Balance being settled in Cash.

Amul and Anand are partners in the firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 4 : 1. They decided to dissolve the partnership on 31st March, 2023 on which date their Balance Sheet stood as follows:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2023
Liabilities Amount (₹) Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹) Amount (₹)
Capital:     Furniture   19,600
Amul 1,26,000 1,82,000 Plant   91,000
Anand 56,000 Trademark   11,200
Sundry Creditors   49,000 Sundry Debtors 67,200  
Bank Loan   21 ,000 Less: R.D.D. 4,200 63,000
      Stock   42,000
      Cash in Hand   14,000
      Advertisement Suspense   11,200
    2,52,000     2,52,000

Additional Information:

(1) Plant and Stock taken over by Amul at ₹ 1,09,200 and ₹ 30,800 respectively.

(2) Debtors realised 90% of the book value and Trademark at ₹ 7,000 and Goodwill was realised for ₹ 37,800.

(3) Unrecorded assets estimated ₹ 6,300 was sold for ₹ 2,100.

( 4) ₹ 1,400 Discount were allowed by creditors while paying their claim.

(5) The Realisation expenses amounted to ₹ 4,900.

You are required to prepare Realisation A/c, Cash A/c and Partner's Capital A/cs.


Insolvent partner Capital A/c debit side total is ₹ 25,000 and credit side total is ₹ 10,000. Calculate deficiency.


Mita and Sita, sharing profits in, the ratio 2 : 1, decided to dissolve their partnership firm on 31st March, 2022, on which date their Balance Sheet was as under:

Balance Sheet of Mita and Sita
as on 31st March, 2022
Liabilities   (₹) Assets   (₹)
Sundry Creditors   40,000 Land & Building   29,000
Sita's Son's Loan   2,000 Plant & Machinery   20,000
Bank Overdraft   8,000 Stock   3,000
Capital Accounts:     Debtors 26,400 26,000
Mita  20,000 30,000 Less: Provision for
Doubtful Debts
400
Sita 10,000 Bank   2,000
    80,000     80,000

The partnership firm was dissolved on the date of the Balance Sheet subject to the following adjustments:

  1. Trade creditors accepted plant and machinery at an agreed valuation of 10% less than the book value and the balance in cash in full settlement of their claims.
  2. Debtors of ₹ 1,000 proved bad.
  3. Sita took over the stock at a discount of 20%.
  4. Realisation expenses of ₹ 1,100 were paid by the firm.

You are required to prepare the Realisation Account.


Lal, Bal and Pal were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2 : 2 : 1. The following is the Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2020.

Balance sheet as on 31st March 2020
Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Capital A/c   Machinery 50,000
Lal 60,000 Investments 24,000
Bal 20,000 Debtors 55,000 52,000
Pal 20,000 Less: R.D.D. (3,000)
General Reserve 6,000 Stock 20,000
Creditors 48,000 Profit and loss A/c 18,000
Bills Payable 14,000 Bank 4,000
  168000   168000

On the above date the partners decided to dissolve the firm.

(1) Assets were realised as:

Machinery ₹ 45000
Stock ₹ 18000
Investment ₹ 21000
Debtors ₹ 45000

(2) Dissolution expenses were ₹ 3000.

(3) Goodwill of the firm realised ₹ 24000.

Prepare:

  1. Realisation Account
  2. Partner's Capital Account
  3. Bank Account.

Read the following hypothetical situation and answer question on the basis of the same.

Nitya, Shreya and Ishita are partners in a firm. They share profit in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. Their fixed capital are ₹1,80,000; ₹1,60,000 and ₹2,00,000 respectively. For the year ending 31st March, 2022, Nitya withdrew ₹7,500 at the end of every quarter.

The partnership deed provide that interest on capital will be allowed @10% p.a. The amount of interest on Ishita's capital will be:


Nitya, Shreya and Ishita are partners in a firm. They share profits in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. Their fixed capitals are ₹ 1,80,000; ₹ 1,60,000 and ₹ 2,00,000 respectively. For the year ending 31st March, 2022, Nitya withdrew ₹ 7,500 at the end of every quarter.

The average number of months for which interest on drawings will be calculated, will be:


Share
Notifications



      Forgot password?
Use app×