How Would You Name the Following Compound? - Science

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How would you name the following compound?

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Solution

 Hexyne

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Chapter 4: Carbon and its Compounds - Intext Questions [Page 69]

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NCERT Science Class 10
Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds
Intext Questions | Q 5.3 | Page 69

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C2H4, C4H10, C3H8, CH4


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You are given an organic compound having the molecular formula C3H8. Give the name and formula of the compound formed:

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Write the IUPAC name of the following: 


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Give the IUPAC names of the follwing compound. The IUPAC names of the compounds on the left are to guide you into giving the correct names of the compounds on the right.

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\phantom{....}\ce{H}\phantom{..}\ce{H}\phantom{..}\ce{H}\\
\phantom{.......}|\phantom{...}|\phantom{...}|\phantom{....}\\
\ce{H-C-C=C}\\
\phantom{.......}|\phantom{...}\phantom{...}|\phantom{....}\\
\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{....}\ce{}\phantom{..}\ce{H}\\
\end{array}\]

Propane

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{.......}\ce{}\phantom{..}\ce{}\\
\phantom{.......}|\phantom{.......}\phantom{...}\phantom{....}\\
\ce{H-C-C≡C-H}\\
\phantom{.......}|\phantom{.......}\phantom{...}\phantom{....}\\
\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{.......}\ce{}\phantom{..}\ce{}\\
\end{array}\]

_____________


Write the IUPAC names for the following :

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\phantom{.........}\ce{H}\phantom{........}\ce{H}\phantom{........}\\
\phantom{.....}|\phantom{.........} \phantom{.}|\phantom{....}\\
\ce{H-C-C≡C-C-H}\\
\phantom{.....}|\phantom{.........} \phantom{.}|\phantom{....}\\
\phantom{.........}\ce{H}\phantom{........}\ce{H}\phantom{........}\\
\end{array}\]


Write the IUPAC names for the following :

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\phantom{........}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{........}\\
\phantom{...}|\phantom{...} \phantom{.}|\phantom{....}\\
\ce{H - C - C = O}\\
\phantom{...}|\phantom{...}\phantom{.}\phantom{....}\\
\phantom{......}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{}\phantom{........}\\
\end{array}\]


Write the IUPAC name of the following:

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\ce{CH3}\phantom{...}\ce{CH3}\phantom{......}\\
|\phantom{......}|\phantom{.........}\\
\ce{CH2 - CH - CH2}\\
\phantom{...........}|\\
\phantom{.......................}\ce{CH2 CH2 CH3}
\end{array}\]


Write the IUPAC name of the following:

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\phantom{............}\ce{CH3}\\
\phantom{.........}|\\
\ce{H - C ≡ C - C - H}\\
\phantom{.........}|\\
\phantom{............}\ce{CH3}
\end{array}\]


Write the IUPAC name of the following:

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\ce{H}\phantom{.........}\\
|\phantom{.........}\\
\ce{H - C - C ≡ C - H}\\
|\phantom{.........}\\
\ce{H}\phantom{.........}
\end{array}\]


Complete the following table:

Straight chain of Carbon compounds Structural formula Molecular formula Name
C \[\begin{array}{cc}\ce{H}\\|\\\ce{H - C - H}\\
|\\\ce{H}\end{array}\]
CH4 Methane
C-C ______ ______ Ethane
C-C-C ______ C3H8 ______
C-C-C-C \[\begin{array}{cc}
\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\\
|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\\\ce{H - C - C - C - C - H}\\|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\\
\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}
\end{array}\]
______ ______

_______ is one of the combustible components of L.P.G.


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The molecular formula of alcohol is C4H10O. The locant number of its -OH group is 2.

Give its IUPAC name.


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Is it saturated or unsaturated?


Write the IUPAC name for the following structural formula:

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\ce{CH3-CH-CH3}\\
|\phantom{..}\\
\ce{OH}
\end{array}\]


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Observe the following structure and give IUPAC name for the structural formula correctly.

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\ce{O}\phantom{..............}\\
||\phantom{..............}\\
\ce{CH3 - C - CH2 - CH2 - CH3}
\end{array}\]


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Write the IUPAC name of the following:

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\ce{CH3}\phantom{...} \ce{CH3}\phantom{......}\\
\phantom{.}|\phantom{.......}|\phantom{......}\\
\ce{CH2 - CH - CH2}\\
\phantom{...........}|\\
\phantom{......................}\ce{CH2} \ce{CH2}\ce{CH3}
\end{array}\]


Write the IUPAC name of the following:

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\ce{CH3}\phantom{....}\ce{CH3}\phantom{......}\\
|\phantom{.......}|\phantom{.........}\\
\ce{CH2 - CH - CH2}\\
\phantom{...........}|\\
\phantom{.....................}\ce{CH2CH2CH3}
\end{array}\]


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