How would you explain the following observations?
LiI is more soluble than KI in ethanol.
LiI is more soluble than KI in ethanol. As a result of its small size, the lithium ion has a higher polarising power than the potassium ion. It polarises the electron cloud of the iodide ion to a much greater extent than the potassium ion. This causes a greater covalent character in LiI than in KI. Hence, LiI is more soluble in ethanol.
Since the size of Li+ ion is very small in comparison to K+ ion, it polarises the electron cloud of I– ion to a great extent. Thus Lil dissolves in ethanol more easily than the KI.