Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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How Would You Account for the Following : Actinoid Contraction is Greater than Lanthanoid Contraction. - Chemistry

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How would you account for the following : Actinoid contraction is greater than lanthanoid contraction.

Actinoid contraction is greater from element to element than lanthanoid contraction. Why?

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Solution

In actinoids, 5 f-orbitals are filled. These 5 f-orbitals have a poorer shielding effect than 4 f-orbitals (in lanthanoids). Thus, the effective nuclear charge experienced by electrons in valence shells in case of actinoids is much more than that experienced by electrons in valence shells in case of lanthanoids. Hence, the size contraction in actinoids is greater than that in lanthanoids.

Concept: F-block Elements - The Actinoids
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry
Chapter 8 The d-block and f-block Elements
Q 10 | Page 232
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