How is a prokaryotic cell different from a eukaryotic cell?
|Prokaryotic cell||Eukaryotic cell|
|1.||Most prokaryotic cells are unicellular.||Most eukaryotic cells are multicellular.|
|2.||Size of the cell is generally small (0.5- 5 µm).||Size of the cell is generally large (50- 100 µm).|
|3.||Nuclear region is poorly defined due to the absence of a nuclear membrane or the cell lacks true nucleus.||Nuclear region is well-defined and is surrounded by a nuclear membrane, or true nucleus bound by a nuclear membrane is present in the cell.|
|4.||It contains a single chromosome.||It contains more than one chromosome.|
|5.||Nucleolus is absent.||Nucleolus is present.|
|6.||Membrane-bound cell organelles such as plastids, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, etc. are absent.||Cell organelles such as mitochondria, plastids, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, etc. are present.|
|7.||Cell division occurs only by mitosis.||Cell division occurs by mitosis and meiosis.|
|8.||Prokaryotic cells are found in bacteria and blue-green algae.||Eukaryotic cells are found in fungi, plants, and animal cells.|
Concept: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell
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