How is potassium dichromate prepared from chrome iron ore?
Potassium dichromate is prepared from chromite ore (FeCr2O4) in the following steps.
Step (1): Preparation of sodium chromate
4FeCr2O4 + 16NaOH + 7O2 → 8NaCrO4 + 2Fe2O3 + 8H2O
Step (2): Conversion of sodium chromate into sodium dichromate
2Na2CrO4 + conc.H2SO4 → Na2Cr2O7 + Na2SO4 + H2O
Step(3): Conversion of sodium dichromate to potassium dichromate
Na2Cr2O7 + 2KCl → K2Cr2O7 + 2NaCl
Potassium dichromate being less soluble than sodium chloride is obtained in the form of orange coloured crystals and can be removed by filtration.