# How Much is this Distance in Terms of Parsecs? How Much Parallax Would this Star (Named Alpha Centauri) Show When Viewed from Two Locations of the Earth Six Months Apart in Its Orbit Around the Sun - Physics

The nearest star to our solar system is 4.29 light years away. How much is this distance in terms of parsecs? How much parallax would this star (named Alpha Centauri) show when viewed from two locations of the Earth six months apart in its orbit around the Sun?

#### Solution

Distance of the star from the solar system = 4.29 ly

1 light year is the distance travelled by light in one year.

1 light year = Speed of light × 1 year

= 3 × 108 × 365 × 24 × 60 × 60 = 94608 × 1011 m

∴4.29 ly = 405868.32 × 1011 m

∵1 parsec = 3.08 × 1016 m

:. 4.29 ly = (405868.32 xx 10^(11))/(3.08xx 10^(16))

Using the relation.

theta = d/D

where

Diameter of Earth's orbit, d = 3 xx 10^(11) m

Distance of the star from the Earth, D = 405868.32 xx 10^(11) m

:. theta = (3 xx 10^(11))/(405868.32xx 10^(11)) = 7.39 xx 10^(-6) rad

But, 1 sec = 4.85 × 10–6 rad

:. 7.39 xx 10^(-6) rad = (7.39 xx 10^(-6))/(4.85xx10^(-6)) = 1.52

Concept: Measurement of Length
Is there an error in this question or solution?

#### APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 11 Physics
Chapter 2 Units and Measurements
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