Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 11
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How Many Terms Are There in the A.P. Whose First and Fifth Terms Are −14 and 2 Respectively and the Sum of the Terms is 40? - Mathematics

How many terms are there in the A.P. whose first and fifth terms are −14 and 2 respectively and the sum of the terms is 40?

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Solution

\[\text { We have: } \]

\[ a = - 14 \text { and } S_n = 40 . . . (i)\]

\[ a_5 = 2\]

\[ \Rightarrow a + \left( 5 - 1 \right)d = 2\]

\[ \Rightarrow - 14 + 4d = 2\]

\[ \Rightarrow 4d = 16\]

\[ \Rightarrow d = 4 . . . (ii)\]

\[\text { Also }, S_n = \frac{n}{2}\left[ 2a + (n - 1)d \right]\]

\[ \Rightarrow 40 = \frac{n}{2}\left[ 2\left( - 14 \right) + (n - 1) \times 4 \right] (\text { From }(i) \text { and } (ii))\]

\[ \Rightarrow 80 = n\left[ - 28 + 4n - 4 \right]\]

\[ \Rightarrow 80 = 4 n^2 - 32n\]

\[ \Rightarrow n^2 - 8n - 20 = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow (n - 10)(n + 2) = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow n = 10, - 2\]

\[\text { But, n cannot be negative } . \]

\[ \therefore n = 10 \]

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 11 Mathematics Textbook
Chapter 19 Arithmetic Progression
Exercise 19.4 | Q 16 | Page 31
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