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How Does the Following Factor Contribute to the Environmental Crisis in India? What Problem Does It Pose for the Government? Industrialization - Economics

Short Note

How does the following factor contribute to the environmental crisis in India? What problem does it pose for the government?


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Industrialisation, on one hand, enhances our living standards but, on the other hand, it causes deforestation, depletion of natural resources. In the blind rage to achieve economic development, industrialisation acts as a catalyst. In order to speed up the process of industrialisation, natural resources are exploited at a rapid pace. More trees are being felled and, increasing volume of toxics and industrial wastes are dumped into the water bodies. All these culminate to ecological imbalances posing threat to sustainable economic development. Thus, the government should take measures to check undue and unnecessary industrial growth in order to restore ecological balance.

Concept: State of India’s Environment
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NCERT Class 12 Economics - Indian Economic Development
Chapter 9 Environment and Sustainable Development
Exercise | Q 5.06 | Page 176
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