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How Does the Creation of Variations in a Species Promote Survival? - Science

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 How does the creation of variations in a species promote survival?

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Solution 1

Variations occur due to sexual reproduction and also due to inaccurate copying of DNA. Depending on the nature of variations, different individuals would have different kinds of advantages. For example, bacteria variants which can withstand heat have better chances to survive in a heat wave non-variant bacteria having no capacity to tolerate heat wave. Thus, variations in a population of a species help in survival of a species.

Solution 2

Sometimes for a species, the environmental conditions change so drastically that their survival becomes difficult. For example, if the temperature of water increases suddenly, most of the bacteria living in that water would die. Only few variants resistant to heat would be able to survive. If these variants were not there, then the entire species of bacteria would have been destroyed. Thus, these variants help in the survival of the species. 

However, not all variations are useful. Therefore, these are not necessarily beneficial for the individual organisms.

Solution 3

Natural selection selects the individuals with the aptest variations for their survival in the prevailing environmental conditions. Variant individuals that can adapt to the prevailing environmental conditions better have greater chances of surviving and producing offsprings.

Concept: Accumulation of Variation During Reproduction
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NCERT Class 10 Science
Chapter 9 Heredity and Evolution
Q 2 | Page 143

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