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Social Science: Nationalism in India - Towards Civil Disobedience - The Limits of Civil Disobedience

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How did different social groups participate in Civil Disobedience Movement? Explain with examples.

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Solution

In the Civil Disobedience Movement different social groups were involved. They were :

Industrial working class- They did not participate in large numbers. The workers who participated followed Gandhian stratergy and boycotted foreign goods. They did not participate with the Congress.

Rich peasants particularly the Patidars of Gujrat and the Jats of U.P. were active in the movement. They organized communities and also participated in the boycott movement of Gandhi. For them fight for Swaraj was a struggle against high revenues.

Poor peasants were the small tenants who cultivated on rented lands. They participated in the movement to fight against the rich landlords. They joined the movement led by Socialists and Communists.

Businessmen joined the movement in order to get protection against import of foreign goods. However, the failure of Round Table Conference curbed their enthusiam in the movement.

Muslims joined the movement to raise their demand of greater representation since they felt alienated from the Congress.

Concept: Towards Civil Disobedience - The Limits of Civil Disobedience
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