Social Science: Outcomes of Democracy - Concep for Democracy Led to Development, Security and Dignity for the People


How is democratic government known as responsive government? Explain with examples.


Solution 1

A democratic government has to be responsive to the needs of its citizens.

1. Through pressure groups, and public protests, the democratic government can check the popularity of its decisions and mechanism of administering justice.

2. A government which is able to respond to grievances faster is able to avoid confrontation and provide good governance

Solution 2

A democracy carries with it certain important liberal ideals of governance. They include, regular free and fair elections, public debate on major policies and legislations, openness of information regarding major government policies and legislations and corruption free government. All these factors contribute towards making democratic government a responsive form of government. For example, after a prolonged period of mass protest and negotiation the UPA government had to finally agree to people’s demands and introduce the Lokpal Bill in the Parliament. Even though there still remain certain glitches in its implementation, the very fact that the government was forced to act on people’s demands is testimony to its responsive credentials.

Concept: Concep for Democracy Led to Development, Security and Dignity for the People
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2013-2014 (March) All India Set 2


How can you say that democracies are based on political equality?

Give arguments to support or oppose the following assertions:

  • Industrialised countries can afford democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become rich.

  • Democracy can’t reduce inequality of incomes between different citizens.

  • Government in poor countries should spend less on poverty reduction, health, education and spend more on industries and infrastructure.

  • In democracy all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination and conflict.

Identify the challenges to democracy in the following descriptions. Also suggest policy/institutional mechanism to deepen democracy in the given situations:

  • Following a High Court directive a temple in Orissa that had separate entry doors for dalits and non-dalits allowed entry for all from the same door.

  • A large number of farmers are committing suicide in different states of India.

  • Following allegation of killing of three civilians in Gandwara in a fake encounter by Jammu and Kashmir police, an enquiry has been ordered.

In the context of democracies, which of the following ideas is correct − democracies have successfully eliminated:

Read the passage below:

Nannu is a daily wage earner. He lives in Welcome Mazdoor Colony, a slum habitation in East Delhi. He lost his ration card and applied for a duplicate one in January 2004. He made several rounds to the local Food & Civil Supplies office for the next three months. But the clerks and officials would not even look at him, leave alone do his job or bother to tell him the status of his application. Ultimately, he filed an application under the Right to Information Act asking for the daily progress made on his application, names of the officials, who were supposed to act on his application and what action would be taken against these officials for their inaction. Within a week of filing application under the Right to Information Act, he was visited by an inspector from the Food Department, who informed him that the card had been made and he could collect it from the office. When Nannu went to collect his card next day, he was given a very warm treatment by the Food & Supply Officer (FSO), who is the head of a Circle. The FSO offered him tea and requested him to withdraw his application under the Right to Information, since his work had already been done.

What does Nannu’s example show? What impact did Nannu’s action have on officials? Ask your parents their experiences when they approach government officials to attend to their problems.

“Democracies have had greater success in setting regular free and fair elections.” Analyse the statement. 

Describe any five characteristics of democracy.


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