Social Science: Nationalism in India - Towards Civil Disobedience - The Limits of Civil Disobedience


How could non-cooperation become a movement? Explain with examples.



According to Gandhi, British had established their rule and power in India with the cooperation of Indians without which it would have collapsed.  Thus, non-cooperation was selected as a means to defy the British rule. The following steps helped to escalate non-cooperation to a mass movement:

1. Non-cooperation movement was launched by Gandhiji in 1920 and it was unfolded in stages. It began with the surrender of titles awarded by the government, a boycott of civil services, army, police, courts, schools, etc. 

2. Various social groups participated in this movement; and at a gradual phase, this movement transformed into mass struggle. The non-cooperation movement started with the middle class participation in the cities. 

3. Thousands of students left government-controlled schools and colleges; headmasters and teachers resigned; and lawyers gave up their legal practices. 

4. Foreign goods were boycotted, liquor shops picketed, and foreign clothes burnt in huge bonfires. In many places, merchants and traders refused to trade in foreign goods or finance foreign trade. 

5. As the boycott movement spread, people began to discard imported clothes and started wearing only Indian ones, thus leading to a swift increase in the production of Indian textile mills and handlooms.

Concept: Towards Civil Disobedience - The Limits of Civil Disobedience
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2013-2014 (March) Delhi Set 1


How did the Civil Disobedience Movement come into force in various parts of the country? Explain with examples.

"The Civil Disobedience Movement was different from the Non-Cooperation Movement." Support the statement with examples.

In which one of the following Indian National Congress Sessions was the demand of "Purna Swaraj" formalised in December 1929?

Three features A, B and C are marked in the political outline map of India. Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked on the map :

A. The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held in 1920.

B. The city where the Jallianwala Bagh incident occurred.

C. The place where the peasants struggled against the indigo plantation system.

Write a newspaper report on the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

Write a newspaper report on:
The Simon Commission

Imagine you are a woman participating in the Civil Disobedience Movement. Explain what the experience meant to your life.

Answer the following question.
Define the term 'Civil Disobedience Movement.' Describe the participation of rich and poor peasant communities in the 'Civil Disobedience Movement'.

Evaluate the role of business classes in the 'Civil Disobedience Movement'.

Who organised the dalits into the Depressed classes Association?

Why had the Congress ignored the dalits for long?

Which of the following agreements gave reserved seats to the ‘Depressed classes’ in provincial and central legislative councils?

Who was the President of the Muslim League in 1930?

An important feature of the Civil Disobedience Movement was the ______.

Mahatma Gandhi called the ‘untouchables’ ______.


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