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How is Carbolic Acid Prepared from the Given Compounds : Chlorobenzene and Steam at 698k? - Chemistry

How is carbolic acid prepared from the given compounds :

Chlorobenzene and steam at 698K?

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Solution

Preparation of carbolic acid from Chlorobenzene and steam at 698 K:-
Phenol is obtained by heating chlorobenzene with steam at 698 K using Ca3(PO4)2 or SiO2 as a catalyst. The hydrolysis can also be affected by water in
the presence of copper as a catalyst at 673 K and under pressure.

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