Social Science: Outcomes of Democracy - Concep for Democracy Led to Development, Security and Dignity for the People


How can you say that democracies are based on political equality?



Democracy is a form of government of the people, by the people, for the people. Therefore, it recognises the basic principle that all men and women are equal and capable of governing themselves through elected public representatives. Hence, it can be said that democracies are based on political equality.

Concept: Concep for Democracy Led to Development, Security and Dignity for the People
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2014-2015 (March) All India Set 2


How is democratic government known as responsive government? Explain with examples.

Give arguments to support or oppose the following assertions:

  • Industrialised countries can afford democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become rich.

  • Democracy can’t reduce inequality of incomes between different citizens.

  • Government in poor countries should spend less on poverty reduction, health, education and spend more on industries and infrastructure.

  • In democracy all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination and conflict.

Identify the challenges to democracy in the following descriptions. Also suggest policy/institutional mechanism to deepen democracy in the given situations:

  • Following a High Court directive a temple in Orissa that had separate entry doors for dalits and non-dalits allowed entry for all from the same door.

  • A large number of farmers are committing suicide in different states of India.

  • Following allegation of killing of three civilians in Gandwara in a fake encounter by Jammu and Kashmir police, an enquiry has been ordered.

In the context of democracies, which of the following ideas is correct − democracies have successfully eliminated:

Read the passage below:

Nannu is a daily wage earner. He lives in Welcome Mazdoor Colony, a slum habitation in East Delhi. He lost his ration card and applied for a duplicate one in January 2004. He made several rounds to the local Food & Civil Supplies office for the next three months. But the clerks and officials would not even look at him, leave alone do his job or bother to tell him the status of his application. Ultimately, he filed an application under the Right to Information Act asking for the daily progress made on his application, names of the officials, who were supposed to act on his application and what action would be taken against these officials for their inaction. Within a week of filing application under the Right to Information Act, he was visited by an inspector from the Food Department, who informed him that the card had been made and he could collect it from the office. When Nannu went to collect his card next day, he was given a very warm treatment by the Food & Supply Officer (FSO), who is the head of a Circle. The FSO offered him tea and requested him to withdraw his application under the Right to Information, since his work had already been done.

What does Nannu’s example show? What impact did Nannu’s action have on officials? Ask your parents their experiences when they approach government officials to attend to their problems.

“Democracies have had greater success in setting regular free and fair elections.” Analyse the statement. 

Describe any five characteristics of democracy.


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