How are the threats faced by the people in the Third World different from those faced by the people living in the First World? Support your answer with examples.
The Cold War between the two superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union was responsible for approximately one-third of all wars in the post-Second World War period. Just as the European colonial powers feared violence in the colonies, some colonial people feared, after Independence, that they might be attacked by their former colonial rulers in Europe. They had to prepare to defend themselves against an imperial war.
The security challenges facing third world independent countries were different from those of first world independent countries in two ways. First, the new countries faced the prospect of military conflict with neighbouring countries. Second, they had to worry about internal military conflict. These countries faced threats not only from outside their borders, mostly from neighbours, but also from within.
Internally, the new states worried about threats from separatist movements, which wanted to form independent countries. A neighbour might help in instigating an internal separatist movement leading to tensions between the two neighbouring countries. So, for third world countries, an external war with a neighbour or an internal conflict posed a serious challenge to their security.
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