State and explain Hess’s law of constant heat summation.
It states that, “The amount of heat evolved or absorbed in a chemical change is the same whether the process takes place in one step or in several steps”. (i.e. it follows 1st Law of Thermodynamics)
For example, carbon can be oxidised to CO2 either directly or in two different steps as given below:
I st method C(s)+O2(g) →CO2(g)ΔH=-94.3kcal
II methode C(s)+(1/2)O2(g)→ CO(g)ΔH1=-26.0kcal
According to Hess’s law ΔH must be equal to ΔH1+ΔH2 which is true
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- Chemical Thermodynamics and Energetic - Hess’ Law of Constant Heat Summation