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The elevation of a tower at a station A due north of it is α and at a station B due west of A is β. Prove that the height of the tower is - CBSE Class 10 - Mathematics

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Question

The elevation of a tower at a station A due north of it is α and at a station B due west of A is β. Prove that the height of the tower is `\frac{AB\sin \alpha \sin \beta }{\sqrt{\sin^{2}\alpha -\sin ^{2}\beta `

Solution

Let OP be the tower and let A be a point due north of the tower OP and let B be the point due west of A. Such that ∠OAP = and ∠OBP = Let h be the height of the tower.

In right angled triangles OAP and OBP, we have

`\tan \alpha =\frac{h}{OA}\text{ and }\tan \beta =\frac{h}{OB}`

⇒ OA = h cot α and OB = h cot β.

In ∆OAB, we have

`OB^2 = OA^2 + AB^2`

`⇒ AB^2 = OB^2 – OA^2`

`⇒ AB^2 = h^2 cot^2 β– h2 cot^2 α`

`⇒ AB^2 = h^2 [cot^2 β– cot^2 α]`

`⇒ AB^2 = h^2 [(cosec^2 β– 1) – (cosec^2 α– 1)]`

`⇒ AB^2 = h^2 (cosec^2 β– cosec^2 α)`

`\Rightarrow AB^{2}=h^{2}( \frac{\sin ^{2}\alpha -\sin^{2}\beta }{\sin ^{2}\alpha \sin ^{2}\beta ))`

`\Rightarrow h=\frac{AB\sin \alpha \sin \beta }{\sqrt{\sin ^{2}\alpha-\sin ^{2}\beta `

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Solution The elevation of a tower at a station A due north of it is α and at a station B due west of A is β. Prove that the height of the tower is Concept: Heights and Distances.
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