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Solution - At a point A, 20 metres above the level of water in a lake, the angle of elevation of a cloud is 30˚. The angle of depression of the reflection of the cloud in the lake, at A is 60˚. Find the distance of the cloud from A. - CBSE Class 10 - Mathematics

ConceptHeights and Distances

Question

At a point A, 20 metres above the level of water in a lake, the angle of elevation of a cloud is 30˚. The angle of depression of the reflection of the cloud in the lake, at A is 60˚.
Find the distance of the cloud from A.

Solution

Let AB be the surface of the lake and P be the point of observation such that AP = 20 metres. Let C be the position of the cloud and C’ be its reflection in the lake.

 Then CB = C’B. Let PM be perpendicular from P on CB.
Then m∠CPM=30º and m∠C'PM=60°
Let CM = h. Then CB = h + 20 and C’B = h + 20.

In ΔCMP we have,

`tan30^@="CM"/"PM"`

`1/sqrt3=h/"PM"`

`PM=sqrt3h....................(i)`

In ΔPMC' we have,

`tan 60^@="C'M"/"PM"`

`sqrt3="C'B+BM"/"PM"`

`sqrt3=(h+20+20)/"PM"................(ii)`

From equation (i) and (ii), we get

`sqrt3h=(h+20+20)/sqrt3`

3h=h+40

h=20m

Now,CB=CM + MB =h +20= 20+ 20 = 40.
Hence, the height of the cloud from the
surface of the lake is 40 metres.

Is there an error in this question or solution?

Reference Material

Solution for question: At a point A, 20 metres above the level of water in a lake, the angle of elevation of a cloud is 30˚. The angle of depression of the reflection of the cloud in the lake, at A is 60˚. Find the distance of the cloud from A. concept: null - Heights and Distances. For the course CBSE
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