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Health Insurance Insulates Patients from the Expense of Medical Care, Giving Doctors Almost Complete Discretion in Deciding the Course of Most Medical Treatments. - Logical Reasoning

MCQ

Health insurance insulates patients from the expense of medical care, giving doctors almost complete discretion in deciding the course of most medical treatments. Moreover,  with doctors being paid for each procedure performed, they have an incentive to over-treat patients. It is thus clear that medical procedures administered by doctors are frequently prescribed only because these procedures lead to financial rewards.   
The argument uses which one of the following questionable techniques?

Options

  • Assigning responsibility for a certain result to someone whose involvement in the events leading to that result was purely coincidental. 

  • Inferring the performance of certain actions on no basis other than the existence of both incentive and opportunity for performing those actions. 

  • Presenting as capricious and idiosyncratic decisions that are based on the rigorous application of well defined principles.

  • Depicting choices as having been made arbitrarily by dismissing without argument reasons that have been given for these choices. 

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Solution

Inferring the performance of certain actions on no basis other than the existence of both incentive and opportunity for performing those actions. 

Explanation:

The argument has blamed doctors for frequently prescribing medical procedures only on the basis of incentive that they get for performing the same, and thus, the argument has used a questionable technique. This is clearly provided in 'Inferring the performance of certain actions on no basis other than the existence of both incentive and opportunity for performing those actions. '.

Concept: Statement and Arguments (Entrance Exam)
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