Solution - Graphical Method of Solving Linear Programming Problems



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There are two types of fertilisers 'A' and 'B'. 'A' consists of 12% nitrogen and 5% phosphoric acid whereas 'B' consists of 4% nitrogen and 5% phosphoric acid. After testing the soil conditions, farmer finds that he needs at least 12 kg of nitrogen and 12 kg of phosphoric acid for his crops. If 'A' costs Rs 10 per kg and 'B' cost Rs 8 per kg, then graphically determine how much of each type of fertiliser should be used so that nutrient requirements are met at a minimum cost


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A retired person wants to invest an amount of Rs. 50, 000. His broker recommends investing in two type of bonds ‘A’ and ‘B’ yielding 10% and 9% return respectively on the invested amount. He decides to invest at least Rs. 20,000 in bond ‘A’ and at least Rs. 10,000 in bond ‘B’. He also wants to invest at least as much in bond ‘A’ as in bond ‘B’. Solve this linear programming problem graphically to maximise his returns.

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Minimize `z=4x+5y ` subject to `2x+y>=7, 2x+3y<=15, x<=3,x>=0, y>=0` solve using graphical method.

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Solve the following LPP by using graphical method.

Maximize : Z = 6x + 4y

Subject to x ≤ 2, x + y ≤  3, -2x + y ≤  1, x ≥  0, y ≥ 0.

Also find maximum value of Z.

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Minimum and maximum z = 5x + 2y subject to the following constraints:

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Minimize : Z = 6x + 4y

Subject to the conditions:

3x + 2y ≥ 12,

x + y ≥ 5,

0 ≤ x ≤ 4,

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Reference Material

Solution for concept: Graphical Method of Solving Linear Programming Problems. For the courses 12th CBSE (Arts), 12th CBSE (Commerce), 12th CBSE (Science)