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Given reasons: C–Cl bond length in chlorobenzene is shorter than C–Cl bond length in CH3–Cl. - CBSE (Science) Class 12 - Chemistry

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Question

Given reasons: C–Cl bond length in chlorobenzene is shorter than C–Cl bond length in CH3–Cl.

Solution

In chlorobenzene, the C−Cl bond gets partial double bond character because of the +M effect shown by the Cl group. Due to double bond character, the bond length decreases in chlorobenzene as compared to the normal CH3−Cl bond length. Therefore, the C–Cl bond length in chlorobenzene is shorter than the C–Cl bond length in CH3–Cl.

 

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Solution Given reasons: C–Cl bond length in chlorobenzene is shorter than C–Cl bond length in CH3–Cl. Concept: Chemical Reactions of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes - Reactions of Haloalkanes - Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions.
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