Given below are the F2 – phenotypic ratios of two independently carried monohybrid crosses :
(i) 1 : 2 : 1
(ii) 3 : 1
Mention what does each ratio suggest.
(i) 1 : 2 : 1 - Phenotypic ratio
Suggest that the phenomenon is incomplete dominance
* When neither of the alleles of a character is completely dominant over the other and the F1 hybrid is intermediate between the two parents, the phenomenon is Incomplete dominance.
* The phenotypic and genotypic ratio in F2 generation is 1:2:1 in this case.
(ii) 3:1 - Phenotypic ratio
Suggest that the phenomena has monohybrid cross. Monohybrid cross is a cross which involves only a single pair of contrasting characters. The parental generation has genotype for pure gene which on cross produces homozygous progeny i.e. F1 generation. On selfing F1 generation obtain F2 generation. The F2 generation has phenotypic ratio 3 : 1.
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