Give simple chemical tests to distinguish between the following pairs of compounds.
Benzoic acid and Ethyl benzoate
Benzoic acid and Ethyl benzoate can be distinguished by sodium bicarbonate test.
Sodium bicarbonate test:
Acids react with NaHCO3 to produce brisk effervescence due to the evolution of CO2 gas.
Benzoic acid being an acid responds to this test, but ethylbenzoate does not.
`C_6H_5COOH + NaHCO_3 -> C_6H_5COONa + CO_2 uarr + H_2O`
Benzoic acid Sodium benzoate
`C_6H_5COOC_2H_5 + NaHCO_3 ->` No effervescence due to evolution of CO2 gas
Video Tutorials For All Subjects
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