Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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Give Reasons : N-butyl Bromide Has Higher Boiling Point than T-butyl Bromide. - Chemistry

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Give reasons : n-Butyl bromide has higher boiling point than t-butyl bromide.

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Solution

The boiling point of n-butyl bromide is higher than that of t-butyl bromide because n-butyl bromide is a straight chain molecule having larger surface area and therefore, has stronger intermolecular forces. On the other hand, t-butyl bromide is branched molecule, so it has a smaller surface area. Hence, it has weaker intermolecular force.

Concept: Physical Properties of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
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