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Give Reason as to Why Hydrogen Chloride Can Be Termed as a Polar Covalent Compound - Chemistry

Short Note

Give reason as to why hydrogen chloride can be termed as a polar covalent compound.

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Solution

HCl is a covalent compound formed by sharing one electron between chlorine and hydrogen. Because chlorine is more electronegative than hydrogen, the shared pair of electrons shifts towards the chlorine atom. So, a partial negative charge (δ-) develops on chlorine and a partial positive charge (δ+) develops on hydrogen. Hence, the covalent bond is polar in nature.

Concept: Covalent (Molecular) Bond
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APPEARS IN

Frank ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Part 2
Chapter 2 Chemical Bonding
Exercise | Q 6 | Page 46
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