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Give One Chemical Test Each to Distinguish Between the Following Pairs of Compounds: (1) Acetone and Benzaldehyde. (2) Phenol and Benzoic Acid. - Chemistry (Theory)

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Answer in Brief

Give one chemical test each to distinguish between the following pairs of compounds:
(1) Acetone and benzaldehyde.
(2) Phenol and benzoic acid.

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Solution

(1)

Benzaldehyde gives Tollen's reagent test. i.e., a silver mirror with Tollen's reagent but acetone does not.

(2)

Phenol gives a white precipitate with bromine water but benzoic acid does not.

Concept: Introduction of Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
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