Give geographical reasons: Distribution of industries is uneven. - Geography

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Answer in Brief

Give geographical reasons:

Distribution of industries is uneven.

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Solution 1

Distribution of industries depends upon various physical factors like climate, raw material, water and power supply, labour, transportation, land, etc., and economic factors like capital, market and government policies.

Physical and economic factors vary from region to region, and political factors differ from country to country. Industries are developed where physical and economic factors are favourable for their development, thus, the distribution of industries is uneven.

For example, in India, industries are concentrated in Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chota Nagpur region and in the rest of India, agriculture is the only major economic activity.

Solution 2

  1. The factors affecting industrial location are not the same everywhere.
  2. Industries tend to concentrate in a few pockets because of earlier mentioned favourable factors. The pockets having high concentration of industries are known as ‘industrial regions’.
  3. Major Industrial regions of the world are those areas, where concentration of industries has occurred due to favourable geo– economic conditions. 
  4. These are the areas within which manufacturing industry is carried out on a relatively large scale employing large proportion of working population.
  5. Some of the characteristic features of industrial regions are agglomeration of industries, dense population growth, large labour force, employment to large working populations.
  6. Large banking and credit facilities, large network of transportation, excellent communication facilities also affect industrial location.
  7. Hence, distribution of industries is uneven.
Concept: Classification of Industries
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Chapter 5: Secondary Economic Activities - Exercise [Page 54]

APPEARS IN

Balbharati Geography 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities
Exercise | Q 3.1 | Page 54
SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities
Give geographical reasons | Q 2

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