Answer in Brief
Give geographical reason.
Availability of water is a major factor affecting settlements.
- Human settlements are organised and structured human habitation in different regions.
- The concentration of settlement depends upon many important factors like the availability of water, natural resources, climatic conditions and the type of region.
- Even though the nature of the region and the climatic conditions also influence the concentration of settlement, the availability of clean water is the most important determinant.
- Because of this reason, we can find most of the ancient human habitations in the banks of the rivers. Indraprastha, Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro, and Varanasi are some examples of such settlements.
Thus the availability of water is the most important determinant of the concentration of human settlement.
Concept: Settlement Patterns in India
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