Give examples of polynomials p(x), g(x), q(x) and r(x), which satisfy the division algorithm deg q(x) = deg r(x) - Mathematics

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Give examples of polynomials p(x), g(x), q(x) and r(x), which satisfy the division algorithm

deg q(x) = deg r(x)

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Solution

According to the division algorithm, if p(x) and g(x) are two polynomials with g(x) ≠ 0, then we can find polynomials q(x) and r(x) such that p(x) = g(x) × q(x) + r(x),

where r(x) = 0 or degree of r(x) < degree of g(x)

Degree of a polynomial is the highest power of the variable in the polynomial.

deg q(x) = deg r(x)

Let us assume the division of x3+ x by x2

Here, p(x) = x3 + x

g(x) = x2

q(x) = x and r(x) = x

Clearly, the degree of q(x) and r(x) is the same i.e., 1.

Checking for division algorithm,

p(x) = g(x) × q(x) + r(x)

x3 + x = (x2 ) × x + x

x3 + x = x3 + x

Thus, the division algorithm is satisfied.

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Chapter 2: Polynomials - Exercise 2.3 [Page 36]

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NCERT Mathematics Class 10
Chapter 2 Polynomials
Exercise 2.3 | Q 5.2 | Page 36

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