Maharashtra State BoardHSC Arts 12th Board Exam
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Give an alternative equivalent simple circuit for the following circuit: - Mathematics and Statistics

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Sum

Give an alternative equivalent simple circuit for the following circuit:

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Solution

Let p: the switch S1 is closed
      q: the switch S2 is closed
       r: the switch S3 is closed
  ∼ q: the switch S2′ is closed or the switch S2 is open
  ∼ r: the switch S3′ is closed or the switch S3 is open.
Then the symbolic form of the given circuit is:
[p ∧ (q ∨ r)] ∨ (∼ r ∧ ∼ q ∧ p)
Using the laws of logic, we have
[p ∧ (q ∨ r)] ∨ (∼ r ∧ ∼ q ∧ p)
≡ [p ∧ (q ∨ r)] ∨ [∼ (r ∨ q) ∧ p] .......(By De Morgan’s Law)
≡ [p ∧ (q ∨ r)] ∨ [p ∧ ∼ (q ∨ r)] ......(By Commutative Law)
≡ p ∧ [(q ∨ r) ∨ ∼ (q ∨ r)] ...........(By Distributive Law)
≡ p ∧ T ...........(By Complement Law)
≡ p .........(By Identity Law)
Hence, the alternative equivalent simple circuit is

Concept: Application of Logic to Switching Circuits
  Is there an error in this question or solution?

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