Give an account of external genitalia in human females. - Biology

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Answer in Brief

Give an account of external genitalia in human females.

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Solution

External genitalia (Vulva):
The external genital organs of female include parts external to the vagina, collectively called vulva (covering or wrapping), or pudendum. They include the following parts:

  1. Vestibule:
    It is a median vertical depression of vulva enclosing the urethral and vaginal opening.
  2. Labia minora: 
    These are another pair of thin folds inner to the labia majora with which they merge posteriorly to form the fourchette (frenulum), while towards the anterior end they converge into a hood-like covering around the clitoris.
  3. Clitoris:
    A small conical and sensitive projection lying at the anterior end of labia minora. It has a pair of erectile tissue i.e. corpora cavernosa which is homologous to the penis.
  4. Labia majora:
    These are a pair of fleshy folds of skin forming the boundary of the vulva. They are homologous to the scrotum. They surround and protect the other parts of the external genitalia and enclose the urethral and vaginal openings in the vestibule.
  5. Mons pubis:
    It is a fleshy elevation above the labia majora. The Mons pubis and outer part of labia majora show pubic hair.
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Chapter 2: Reproduction in Lower and Higher Animals - Short Answer 1

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SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank 12th Standard HSC Biology Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 2 Reproduction in Lower and Higher Animals
Short Answer 1 | Q 4

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