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What are the transition elements? Write two characteristics of the transition elements. - CBSE (Science) Class 12 - Chemistry

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Question

What are the transition elements? Write two characteristics of the transition elements.

Solution

Elements that possess incompletely filled d-orbitals either in their ground state or in any of their oxidation states are known as transition elements. The name ‘transition’ given to the elements of d-block is only because of their position between s-block and p-block elements.

Characteristics of transition elements are as follows:-

  1. They show paramagnetic behaviour.
  2. They show variable oxidation states.
  3. They exhibit catalytic properties.
  4. They generally form complex compounds.
  5. They generally form coloured compounds.

Disclaimer: Any two of the above-mentioned characteristics can be mentioned in the answer.

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Solution What are the transition elements? Write two characteristics of the transition elements. Concept: General Properties of the Transition Elements (D-block).
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