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Solution - General Properties of the Transition Elements (D-block)

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Question

Which metal in the first transition series (3d series) exhibits + 1 oxidation state most frequently and why?

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Write down the number of 3d electrons in each of the following ions:

Ti2+, V2+, Cr3+, Mn2+, Fe2+, Fe3+, CO2+, Ni2+ and Cu2+.

Indicate how would you expect the five 3d orbitals to be occupied for these hydrated ions (octahedral).

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 The highest oxidation state is exhibited in oxoanions of a metal.

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Explain why is Fe3+ more stable than Fe2+?

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`(i) Cr_2O_7^(2-)+6Fe^(2+)+14H^+ ->`

`(ii) 2CrO_4^(2-)+2H^+ ->`

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Reference Material

Solution for concept: General Properties of the Transition Elements (D-block). For the courses 12th CBSE (Arts), 12th CBSE (Commerce), 12th CBSE (Science), PUC Karnataka Science
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