Explain Interstitial compounds
What are interstitial compounds?
What are interstitial compounds? Why are such compounds well known for transition metals?
Interstitial compounds are formed when small atoms such as H, C or N are trapped inside the crystal lattices of metals. They are usually nonstoichiometric and are neither typically ionic nor covalent.
Transition metals are large in size and contain lots of interstitial sites. Transition elements can trap atoms of other elements (that have small atomic size), such as H, C, N, in the interstitial sites of their crystal lattices. The resulting compounds are called interstitial compounds.