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#### Question

What is 'diffraction of light' ? Explain its two types.

#### Solution

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For a single slit of width "a", the first minimum of the interference pattern of a monochromatic light of wavelength λ occurs at an angle of λa. At the same angle of λa, we get a maximum for two narrow slits separated by a distance "a". Explain.

A point is situated at 7cm and 7·2 cm from two coherent sources. Find the· nature of illumination at the point if wavelength of light is 4000A.

In a single slit diffraction pattern, the distance between first minima on the right and first minima on the left of central maximum is 4 mm. The screen on which the pattern is displaced, is 2m from the slit and wavelength of light used is 6000Å. Calculate width of the slit and width of the central maximum.

Describe briefly how a diffraction pattern is obtained on a screen due to a single narrow slit illuminated by a monochromatic source of light. Hence obtain the conditions for the angular width of secondary maxima and secondary minima.

In the diffraction pattern due to a single slit of width 'd' with incident light of wavelength 'λ', at an angle of diffraction θ. the condition for first minimum is ....

(a)`lambda sin theta =d`

(b) `d costheta =lambda`

(c)`d sintheta=lambda`

(d) `lambda cos theta=d`