For the reaction,2Cl(g) → Cl2(g), what are the signs of ΔH and ΔS?
ΔH and ΔS are negative
The given reaction represents the formation of chlorine molecule from chlorine atoms. Here, bond formation is taking place. Therefore, energy is being released. Hence, ΔH is negative.
Also, two moles of atoms have more randomness than one mole of a molecule. Since spontaneity is decreased, ΔS is negative for the given reaction.
∆H : negative (- ve) because energy is released in bond formation
∆S : negative (- ve) because entropy decreases when atoms combine to form molecules.