Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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For the reaction: 2A + B → A2B  the rate = k[A][B]2 with k = 2.0 × 10−6 mol−2 L2 s−1. Calculate the initial rate of the reaction when [A] = 0.1 mol L−1, [B] = 0.2 mol L−1. Calculate the rate of reaction after [A] is reduced to 0.06 mol L−1. - Chemistry

For the reaction: 2A + B → A2B  the rate = k[A][B]2 with k = 2.0 × 10−6 mol−2 L2 s−1. Calculate the initial rate of the reaction when [A] = 0.1 mol L−1, [B] = 0.2 mol L−1. Calculate the rate of reaction after [A] is reduced to 0.06 mol L−1.

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Solution

The initial rate of the reaction is

Rate = [A][B]2

= (2.0 × 10−6 mol−2 L2 s−1) (0.1 mol L−1) (0.2 mol L−1)2

= 8.0 × 10−9 mol−2 L2 s−1

When [A] is reduced from 0.1 mol L−1 to 0.06 mol−1, the concentration of A reacted = (0.1 − 0.06) mol L−1= 0.04 mol L−1

Therefore, concentration of B reacted =`1/2xx0.04 " mol L"^(-1)`= 0.02 mol L−1

Then, concentration of B available, [B] = (0.2 − 0.02) mol L−1

= 0.18 mol L−1

After [A] is reduced to 0.06 mol L−1, the rate of the reaction is given by,

Rate = [A][B]2

= (2.0 × 10−6 mol−2 L2 s−1) (0.06 mol L−1) (0.18 mol L−1)2

= 3.89 mol L−1 s−1

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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Textbook
Chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics
Q 2 | Page 117
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