Write, in brief, about the following:
First-aid measures in case of cuts, burns, bites and stings.
First-aid in case of cuts: Cut area should be cleaned and washed with warm water. Foreign matter, if any, should be removed. Wound area be raised above the heart level and bandage to be put after the blood flow stops.
First-aid in case of burns: Hold the burnt area under cold running water in first and second degree burns for 15 minutes. Wash with soap and leave uncovered. Give the tetanus injection. In case of third-degree bums, cover the burnt with dry, sterile dressing and contact the emergency medical services.
First-aid in case of bites: Hold the bite area under cool running water for 15 minutes. Wash with soap and water. Rinse again. Dry the area, elevate the bite area above the heart level for 8 hours and give a tetanus injection. In case of a snake bite, run water over the bite, rub powdered potassium permanganate and put a piece of cloth tightly around the area to prevent the poison from reaching heart and other body parts.
First-aid in case of stings: Remove the sting with tweezers. Wash the area with soap and cold water, apply oil or vaseline, cover with sterile gauze. If swelling, apply ice. Keep the stung area above the heart.