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Find the Volume of the Parallelopiped Whose Coterminous Edges Are Represented by the Vector: → a = 2 ^ I − 3 ^ J + 4 ^ K , → B = - Mathematics

Sum

Find the volume of the parallelopiped whose coterminous edges are represented by the vector:

\[\vec{a} = 2 \hat{i} - 3 \hat{j} + 4 \hat{k} , \vec{b} = \hat{i} + 2 \hat{j} - \hat{k} , \vec{c} = 3 \hat{i} - \hat{j} - 2 \hat{k}\]

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Solution

Given: 

\[ \vec{a} = 2 \hat{i}- 3 \hat{j} + 4 \hat{k} \]

\[ \vec{b} = \hat{i} + 2 \hat{j} - \hat{k} \]

\[ \vec{c} = 3 \hat{i} - \hat{j} - 2 \hat{k} \]

\[\text { We know that the volume of a parallelopiped whose three adjacent edges are } \vec{a} , \vec{b} , \vec{c} \text {is equal to } \left| \left[ \vec{a} \vec{b} \vec{c} \right] \right| . \]

Here,

\[\left[ \vec{a} \vec{b} \vec{c} \right] = \begin{vmatrix}2 & - 3 & 4 \\ 1 & 2 & - 1 \\ 3 & - 1 & - 2\end{vmatrix} = 2 \left( - 4 - 1 \right) + 3\left( - 2 + 3 \right) + 4\left( - 1 - 6 \right) = - 35\]

\[\text { Volume of the parallelopiped } = \left| \left[ \vec{a} \vec{b} \vec{c} \right] \right| = \left| - 35 \right| = 35 \text { cubic units }\]

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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 12 Maths
Chapter 26 Scalar Triple Product
Exercise 26.1 | Q 3.2 | Page 16
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