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Find the Velocity at the Highest Point. - Physics

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Numerical

A stone of mass 100 g attached to a string of length 50 cm is whirled in a vertical circle by giving velocity at lowest point as 7 m/s. Find the velocity at the highest point. [Acceleration due to gravity = 9.8 m/s2 ]

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Solution

Given:-
m = 100 g = 0.1 kg,
r = 50 cm = 0.5m,
g = 9.8 m/s2,
v2 = 7 m/s

To find:- Velocity at the highest point (vH)

Formula:- `v_"H"= sqrt((2("TE"_("H")))/"m"-4"gr")`

Calculation:-
The total energy at the bottom,
Ebot ( = KE + PE = `1/2` 2.45 J )

T.E.(H)= K.E. at lowest point = (1/2)mvL2

∴ T.E(H) = `1/2` x 0.1 x 72

=2.45 J

The total energy at the top,
Etop = KE + PE = `1/2"mv"_1^2 + "mg(2r)"`
Etop = `1/2(0.1)v_1^2 + (0.1)(9.8)( 2 xx 0.5 )`
Etop = 0.05`v_1^2` + 0.98

By the Principle of conservation of energy,
Etop = Ebot
`0.05v_1^2` + 0.98 = 2.45

`v_1^2 = (2.45 - 0.98 )/(0.05) = 147/5 = 29.4` 

The required velocity v1 = `sqrt(29.4)` = 5.422 m/s.

Concept: Acceleration Due to Gravity and Its Variation with Altitude and Depth
  Is there an error in this question or solution?

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