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Find the Values of the Letters in the Following and Give Reasons for the Steps Involved.A B Multiply5= Cab - Mathematics

Find the values of the letters in the following and give reasons for the steps involved.

   A  B

   x  5

-------

C  A B

------- 

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Solution

The multiplication of B and 5 is giving a number whose ones digit is B again. This is possible when B = 5 or B = 0 only.

In case of B = 5, the product, B × 5 = 5 × 5 = 25

2 will be a carry for the next step.

We have, 5 × A + 2 = CA, which is possible for A = 2 or 7

The multiplication is as follows.

   25

  x 5

-----

 125

-----

  75

x  5

----

375

----

If B = 0,

B × 5 = B ⇒ 0 × 5 = 0

There will not be any carry in this step.

In the next step, 5 × A = CA

It can happen only when A = 5 or A = 0

However, A cannot be 0 as AB is a two-digit number.

Hence, A can be 5 only. The multiplication is as follows.

  50

 x 5

-----

 250

-----

Hence, there are 3 possible values of A, B, and C.

(i) 5, 0, and 2 respectively

(ii) 2, 5, and 1 respectively

(iii) 7, 5, and 3 respectively

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 8 Maths Textbook
Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers
Exercise 16.1 | Q 6 | Page 256
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