Advertisement Remove all ads

Find two numbers whose A.M. exceeds their G.M. by 12 and their H.M. by 2526. - Mathematics and Statistics

Sum

Find two numbers whose A.M. exceeds their G.M. by `1/2` and their H.M. by `25/26`.

Advertisement Remove all ads

Solution

Let a, b be the two numbers.

A = `"a + b"/2, "G" = sqrt("ab"), "H" = (2"ab")/"a + b"`

According to the given conditions,

A = `"G" + 1/2, "A" = "H" + 25/26`

∴ G = `"A" - 1/2, "H" = "A" - 25/26`     ...(i)

Now, G2 = AH

`("A" - 1/2)^2 = "A"("A" - 25/26)`

∴ `"A"^2 - "A" + 1/4 = "A"^2 - 25/26"A"`

∴ `"A"- 25/26 "A" = 1/4`

∴ `1/26"A" = 1/4`

∴ A = `13/2`                 ...(ii)

∴ G = 6                     ...[From (i) and (ii)]

∴ `"a + b"/2 = 13/2 and sqrt("ab")` = 6

∴ a + b = 13,
∴ b = 13 – a              ...(iii)
and ab = 36
∴ a(13 – a) = 36        ...[From (iii)]
∴ a2 – 13a + 36 = 0
∴ (a – 4)(a – 9) = 0
∴ a = 4 or a = 9
When a = 4, b = 13 – 4 = 9
When a = 9, b = 13 – 9 = 4
∴ the two numbers are 4 and 9.

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
Advertisement Remove all ads

APPEARS IN

Balbharati Mathematics and Statistics 1 (Commerce) 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 4 Sequences and Series
Exercise 4.4 | Q 8 | Page 60
Advertisement Remove all ads
Advertisement Remove all ads
Share
Notifications

View all notifications


      Forgot password?
View in app×