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Find Three Numbers in G.P. Whose Product is 729 and the Sum of Their Products in Pairs is 819. - Mathematics

Find three numbers in G.P. whose product is 729 and the sum of their products in pairs is 819.

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Solution

Let the required numbers be \[\frac{a}{r}, \text { a and ar } .\]

Product of the G.P. = 729

\[\Rightarrow a^3 = 729\]

\[ \Rightarrow a = 9\]

Sum of the products in pairs = 819

\[\Rightarrow \frac{a}{r} \times a + a \times ar + ar \times \frac{a}{r} = 819\]

\[ \Rightarrow a^2 \left( \frac{1}{r} + r + 1 \right) = 819\]

\[ \Rightarrow 81\left( \frac{1 + r^2 + r}{r} \right) = 819\]

\[ \Rightarrow 9\left( r^2 + r + 1 \right) = 91r\]

\[ \Rightarrow 9 r^2 - 82r + 9 = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow 9 r^2 - 81r - r + 9 = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow \left( 9r - 1 \right)\left( r - 9 \right) = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow r = \frac{1}{9}, 9\]

\[\text { Hence, putting the values of a and r, we get the numbers to be 81, 9 and 1 or 1, 9 and 81 } .\]

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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 11 Mathematics Textbook
Chapter 20 Geometric Progression
Exercise 20.2 | Q 8 | Page 16
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