Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationHSC Arts Class 11

Find the sum of the first 20-terms of the arithmetic progression having the sum of first 10 terms as 52 and the sum of the first 15 terms as 77 - Mathematics

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Sum

Find the sum of the first 20-terms of the arithmetic progression having the sum of first 10 terms as 52 and the sum of the first 15 terms as 77

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Solution

Sum of the first n terms of an Arithmetic progression is Sn =  [2a + (n – 1)d]

Given S10 = 52

52 = `10/2`[ 2a + (10 – 1)d]

52 = 5[2a + 9d]

52 = 10a + 45d   ......(1)

Also given S15 = 77

77 = 152[2a + (15 – 1)d]

77 = 152[2a + 14d]

77 = 15[a + 7d]

77 = 15a + 105d   .......(2)

(1) × 15 ⇒ 780 = 150a +   675d
(2) × 10 ⇒ 770 = 150a + 1050d
                    10 =    0   –    375d

d = `10/(- 375)`

= `- 2/75`

Substituting the value of d in (1) 

52 = `10"a" + 45(- 2/75)`

52 = `10"a" - 6/5`

10a = `52 + 6/5`

= `(260 + 6)/5`

= `266/5`

a = `266/(5 xx 10)`

= `133/25`

S20 = `20/2[2 xx 133/25 + 19 xx (-2)/75]`

= `10[266/25 - 18/75]`

= `10[(798- 38)/75]`

= `10[760/75]`

S20 = `2 xx 760/15`

= `2 xx 152/3`

= `304/3`

Concept: Finite Series
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Chapter 5: Binomial Theorem, Sequences and Series - Exercise 5.3 [Page 220]

APPEARS IN

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi Class 11th Mathematics Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide
Chapter 5 Binomial Theorem, Sequences and Series
Exercise 5.3 | Q 1 | Page 220

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