Maharashtra State BoardHSC Commerce 12th Board Exam
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Find the rate of change of demand (x) of a commodity with respect to its price (y) if y = 5x+72x-13 - Mathematics and Statistics

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Sum

Find the rate of change of demand (x) of a commodity with respect to its price (y) if y = `(5x + 7)/(2x - 13)`

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Solution

y = `(5x + 7)/(2x - 13)`

Differentiating both sides w.r.t. x, we get

`("d"y)/("d"x) = "d"/("d"x) ((5x + 7)/(2x - 13))`

= `((2x - 13)*"d"/("d"x) (5x + 7) - (5x + 7)*"d"/("d"x)(2x - 13))/(2x - 13)^2`

= `((2x - 13)(5 xx 1 + 0) - (5x + 7)(2 xx 1 - 0))/(2x - 13)^2`

= `((2x - 13)(5) - (5x + 7)(2))/(2x - 13)^2`

= `(10x - 65 - 10x - 14)/(2x - 13)^2`

∴ `("d"y)/("d"x) = (-79)/(2x - 13)^2`

Now, by derivative of inverse function, the rate of change of demand (x) w.r.t. price(y) is

`("d"x)/("d"y) = 1/((("d"y)/("d"x)))`, where `"dy"/"dx" ne 0`

i.e. `("d"x)/("d"y) = 1/((- 79)/(2x - 13)^2)`

`= (-(2x - 13)^2)/79`

Concept: Derivatives of Composite Functions - Chain Rule
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