Find the number of different ways of arranging letters in the word ARRANGE. How many of these arrangements the two R’s and two A’s are not together? - Mathematics and Statistics

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Sum

Find the number of different ways of arranging letters in the word ARRANGE. How many of these arrangements the two R’s and two A’s are not together?

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Solution

The word ARRANGE has 7 letters of which A and R are repeated 2 times.
∴ The number of ways of arranging letters of the word

= `(7!)/(2!2!)`

= `((7 xx 6 xx 5 xx 4 xx 3 xx 2)!)/(2!2!)`
= 1260
Here, we have to find the number of arrangements in which two R’s nor A’s are together.

A: set of words having 2A together
B: set of words having 2R together
Number of words having both A and both R not together
= 1260 − n(A ∪ B)
= 1260 − [n(a) + n(B) − n(A ∩ B)] .......(i)
n(A) = number of ways in which (AA) R, R, N, G, E are to be arranged
∴ n(A) = `(6!)/(2!)` = 360
n(B) = number of ways in which (RR), A, A, N, G, E are to be arranged
∴ n(B) = `(6!)/(2!)` = 360
n(A ∩ B) = number of ways in which (AA), (RR), N, G, E are to be arranged
∴ n(A ∩ B) = 5! = 120
Substituting n(A), n(B), n(A ∩ B) in (i), we get
Number of words having both A and both R not together
 = 1260 – [360 + 360 – 120]
= 1260 − 600
= 660

Concept: Permutations When All Objects Are Not Distinct
  Is there an error in this question or solution?
Chapter 6: Permutations and Combinations - Exercise 6.4 [Page 83]

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Balbharati Mathematics and Statistics 2 (Commerce) 11th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 6 Permutations and Combinations
Exercise 6.4 | Q 10 | Page 83
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