Maharashtra State BoardHSC Arts 12th Board Exam
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Find the differential equation all parabolas having length of latus rectum 4a and axis is parallel to the axis. - Mathematics and Statistics

Sum

Find the differential equation all parabolas having a length of latus rectum 4a and axis is parallel to the axis.

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Solution

Let A(h, k) be the vertex of the parabola whose length of the latus rectum is 4a.
Then the equation of the parabola is

(y - k)2 = 4a(x - h), where h and k are arbitrary constants. Differentiating w.r.t. x, we get

`2("y - k") * "d"/"dx" ("y - k") = 4"a" "d"/"dx" ("x - h")`

∴ `2("y - k")("dy"/"dx" - 0) = "4a"(1 - 0)`

∴ `2("y - k")"dy"/"dx" = "4a"`

∴ `("y - k")"dy"/"dx" = "2a"`       ...(1)

Differentiating again w.r.t. x, we get

`("y - k") * "d"/"dx" ("dy"/"dx") + "dy"/"dx" * "d"/"dx" ("y - k") = 0`

∴ `("y - k")("d"^2"y")/"dx"^2 + "dy"/"dx" * ("dy"/"dx" - 0) = 0`

∴ `("y - k")("d"^2"y")/"dx"^2 + ("dy"/"dx")^2 = 0`

∴ `"2a"/(("dy"/"dx")) * ("d"^2"y")/"dx"^2 + ("dy"/"dx")^2 = 0`      ....[By (1)]

∴ `"2a" ("d"^2"y")/"dx"^2 + ("dy"/"dx")^3 = 0`

This is the required D.E.

Concept: Formation of Differential Equations
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