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Find the combined equation of the pair of lines through the origin and making an equilateral triangle with the line y = 3. - Mathematics and Statistics

Sum

Find the combined equation of the pair of lines through the origin and making an equilateral triangle with the line y = 3.

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Solution

Let OA and OB be the lines through the origin making an angle of 60° with the line y = 3.

∴ OA and OB make an angle of 60° and 120° with the positive direction of the X-axis.

∴ slope of OA = tan 60° = `sqrt3`

∴ equation of the line OA is

y = `sqrt3`x i.e. `sqrt3`x - y = 0

Slope of OB = tan 120° = tan (180° - 60°)

= - tan 60° = - `sqrt3`

∴ equation of the line OB is

y = - `sqrt3`x, i.e. `sqrt3`x + y = 0

∴ required joint equation of the lines is

`(sqrt3"x" - "y")(sqrt3"x" + "y") = 0`

i.e. 3x2 - y2 = 0 

Concept: Homogeneous Equation of Degree Two
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