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Find the Domain and Range of the Real Valued Function: (Viii) F ( X ) = √ 9 − X 2 - Mathematics

Find the domain and range of the real valued function:

(viii)  \[f\left( x \right) = \sqrt{9 - x^2}\]

 

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Solution

 Given:

\[f\left( x \right) = \sqrt{9 - x^2}\]
\[(9 - x^2 ) \geq 0\]
\[ \Rightarrow 9 \geq x^2 \]
\[ \Rightarrow x \in \left[ - 3, 3 \right]\]
\[\sqrt{9 - x^2}\] is defined for all real numbers that are greater than or equal to – 3 and less than or equal to 3.
Thus, domain of f (x) is {x : – 3 ≤ x ≤ 3} or [– 3, 3].
For any value of x such that – 3 ≤ x ≤ 3, the value of f (x) will lie between 0 and 3.
Hence, the range of f (x) is {x: 0 ≤ x ≤ 3} or [0, 3].

 

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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 11 Mathematics Textbook
Chapter 3 Functions
Exercise 3.3 | Q 3.08 | Page 18
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